Gambling is the wagering of money or something of material value on an event with an uncertain outcome with the hope of winning something of even greater value.
Continuation of gambling activities despite negative personal, social or financial consequences that do not reach a clinical diagnostic level of disordered gambling.
This is a clinical term relating to a score assessed by a professional using a recognized set of criteria. The currently accepted standard is based on nine criteria of gambling as recognized by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and can be summarized as: gambling with increasing amounts of money, restless or irritable when not gambling, unsuccessful attempts to control or stop gambling, preoccupied with gambling, gambling to relieve stress, chasing losses, attempting to hide the gambling, damaged significant relationships or opportunities, and borrowing money to overcome dire financial situations due to gambling. The APA recognizes three levels of disorder including mild (4-5 criteria met), moderate (5-6 criteria met), and severe (8 – 9 criteria met).
Other terms that have been used to denote disordered gambling and are now considered outdated have included pathological gambling, compulsive gambling, and gambling addiction for example.
Responsible Gambling describes the ways in which games of chance are both offered and participated in a socially responsible way that lowers the risk of gambling harms.